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- ItemPendred Syndrome and Role of Pendrin on Thyroid Physiology(Napata College, 2022-10-05)
- ItemMemorial of a Sudanese Scholar Dr. Abd-Allah Eltayeb Abd-Allah (1921-2003)(Napata College, 2022)
- ItemCorrelation between Oral Premalignant Lesions and Tobacco Use(Napata College, 2022-09-27)Background: Tobacco use is a major public health problem globally. According to the WHO, tobacco is the second most significant cause of death in the world. Tobacco is used in different forms: smoke and smokeless. The use of tobacco and smokeless tobacco has increased and has associated with oral leukoplakia and other precancerous oral lesions. The presence of leukoplakia in adolescent users of smokeless tobacco is related to years of use, frequency of use, and the amount used. Malignant transformation may occur in 0.5% to 6.2% of individuals and is expected to increase with years of use. Objectives: To identify the correlation between oral premalignant lesions and tobacco use. To study the prevalence of oral premalignant lesions among tobacco using patients. To determine the correlation between tobacco and oral premalignant lesions and the risk of tobacco using and to find out the relation between oral premalignant lesions in tobacco users and gender. Methods: This is an analytical, quantitative systematic review study (known to some as a review article) that was conducted in the Republic of the Sudan by students at the school of dentistry at Napata College. This review is meant to discuss the prevalence of oral premalignant lesions among tobacco users, to assess the association between them and to determine the most found types of oral lesions in tobacco users. To write this paper, we inserted a plethora of keywords associated with the topic at hand. A number of researches were excluded as they were inaccessible to us; unrelated to the topic or because they were relatively anachronistic. Following this, we were left with a total of 13 papers, the findings of which are illustrated here. Results: As an overall, and from the studies mentioned, all studies agreed that thereis a correlation between oral premalignant lesions and tobacco use, in which the prevalenceof oral premalignant lesions found in tobacco using patients was between 48% and 60%. Regarding the most seen types of oral lesions related to tobacco use, the commonest lesions in all studies were found to be leukoplakia, keratosis and oral sub-mucous fibrosis. There was a degree of association found between male tobacco users and oral premalignant lesions in some studies.
- ItemAdvances in Scientific Research(Napata Research and Innovation Center (NARIC), 2022-09-27)
- ItemCase study: Contributory Factors to In-hospital Maternal Mortality in a Governmental Hospital in Khartoum State in 2006(Napata College, 2022-09-24)Background: In-hospital maternal mortality rates in Sudan are currently high, at 0.09%(1). According to World Health Organisation standards, in-hospital maternal mortality should not exceed 0.025%(2). Common contributory factors are numerous, both in-hospital and in the community. This study aims to identify specific contributors to maternal mortality and morbidity in a governmental hospital to make recommendations to minimize them. Materials and Methods: The study basis was an initial case study of maternal morbidity in a governmental hospital with subsequent exploration of contributory factors. A participatory rapid appraisal approach was used, employing observational checklists and semi-structured interviews in order to identify problems at every level of the hospital system, cross-checking information with different stakeholders. Results: Results identified primary delays in seeking care and suboptimal care delivery as the main contributors to in-hospital maternal mortality and morbidity. Interviews with patients and staff also highlighted a need for more patient education and more supervision and training opportunities for junior staff.