- ItemKnowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Napata College’s Medical Students towards COVID-19 vaccines, 2021(Napata College, 2021)Introduction: In December of 2019, the first case report of what later would be identified as COVID-19 was made . Little did anyone know that the illness would evolve to what it has. Now, we thankfully have a number of vaccines available on the market to address the ever-rising issue. Research Aim: To assess the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Napata College‟s Medical Students Towards the COVID-19 vaccines in of 2021. Research Methodology: This was a cross-sectional KAP study that took place in the Napata College campus. Results: A total of 107 participants answered our questionnaire. Most of our respondents (69.2%) were female and were in their 1st year of medical school (39.3%). They illustrated a low vaccination rate amongst the participants as well as a rather poor attitude (35.8% of our participants would not recommend someone else receive the vaccine). Conclusion: In conclusion, this research project has found that the majority of Napata College junior medical students (defined as those who have yet to initiate their clerkships) were not vaccinated. We have also found that a considerable percentage have been previously infected with COVID-19. If this is an indicator, it is an indicator of a disaster to come especially given the recent high-spreading Omicron variant of the illness. This illustrates the need for immediate, well-thought out interventions with the end-goal of putting an end to the pandemic that has taken the world by storm.
- ItemVentricular Septal Defect patients counseling at Ribat University Hospital in regards to their doctor's between May 2021 and December 2021(Napata College, 2021)Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) defines counselling as ‘a well-focused process, limited in time and specific, which uses the interaction to help people deal with their problems and respond in a proper way to specific difficulties in order to develop new coping strategies. A doctor-patient relationship formed when a doctor attends to a patient’s medical needs and this relation built on trust, respect, communication and a common understanding of both doctor and patients’ (1). As a patient, being counseled in a good manner enables you to obtain sufficient information about your health problem, symptoms and available treatment, then how to deal properly and cope with the disease. Many patients suffer because they do not know enough about their disease so they deal with it wrongly, which leads them to a worse condition. Effective physician-patient communication has been shown to positively influence health outcomes by increasing patient satisfaction so a physician must appreciate that the patient is not just a group of symptoms, damaged organ and alerted emotions but he is human being. The United States’ (henceforth only referred to as US) Center for Disease Control (CDC) defines VSD as ‘a birth defect of the heart in which there is a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.’ (2). Symptoms of VSD include, as per Mayo Clinic’s website ‘poor eating, failure to thrive; fast breathing or breathlessness; easy tiring………… Sometimes a VSD isn't detected until a person reaches adulthood. Symptoms and signs can include shortness of breath or a heart murmur’ (3). Research Methodology: This is a descriptive hospital-based cross-sectional study that took place in RUH. Our results showed that patients of the younger age group (18-23) were more knowledgeable regarding VSD than their comparatively elder counterparts (24+). There was a significant correlation between the patients’ socioeconomic level and their knowledge of their illness (those found to be of a ‘higher’ socioeconomic status possessed more knowledge of how VSD manifests itself as opposed to those deemed to be of a ‘lower’ socioeconomic status), the same was found to be true in regards to the patients’ educational level (those with higher levels of education were found to be better knowledgeable of their illness). Most (72%) were between the ages of 18 and 23, and were diagnosed between birth and 5 years of age (64%). None of our participants were diagnosed with VSD post the age of 15. 82% of our participants held a secondary education degree. 14% held post-secondary degrees, while 4% had only primary education 67% were found to have an income of under 100,000 SDG per month. 27% had a monthly income between 100,001 and 300,000 SDG per month, while only 6% of our participants had an income of over 300,000 SDG a month. In so far as the patients views in regards to their doctor’s ‘rudeness’ towards them, only 7% considered their doctor to be very rude ‘8-10’, while 27% considered their doctor to be kind ‘1-3’. The remainder 66% were rather neutral, assessing their doctors at between 4 and 7 on the ‘rudeness’ scale. 85% answered ‘yes’ when asked if their doctors explained their illness to them. Most of those (78%) were very satisfied with their doctors’ explanation, 3% were very dissatisfied with it and 10% were neutral on the topic. 100% of our participants answered ‘Yes’ when asked if their doctors explained the function(s) of their medication. 100% were very satisfied with the aforementioned explanation. 26% of our participants had only been with one doctor, 74% had seen at least 2 doctors in their lifetime. Despite this, only 7% of them had changed doctors due to them not liking the way their doctors treated them. The findings were consistent with data pertaining to the education of parents of children with VSD. Conclusion: In conclusion, our research showed that patients were not very knowledgeable in regards to their illness. It also showed that not enough medical doctors sufficiently teach their patients of their illness. Recommendations: i) The use of echocardiography screening in newborns in areas with high levels of reported VSD. ii) The exploitation of virtual communication technologies to aid in the education process regarding VSDs. iii) The invitation of experts on the topic in public platforms and allowing them to discuss their topic of knowledge so as to see to it that more trustworthy information is available to the public. iv) Teaching of communication skills courses in medical schools and insistence upon the student showing the ability to convey information to patients in a manner understandable to them. v) Positive work towards increasing the ratio of doctors to patients so as to see to it that the doctors are provided better time per patient. vi) The introduction of motivational payment plans for doctors so that younger individuals find themselves motivated to join medicine. The conduction of research in Sudan regarding VSD, counselling, and VSD counselling.
- ItemAdherence of diabetic patients to their respective Management Protocol at Ribat University Hospital in Khartoum – Sudan 2021(Napata College, 2021)Background: Despite diabetes being a well-known disease, many patients have diabetes-related complications, forexample: DSF, cataracts, macro – and micro vascular complications, etc.This research tries to understand diabetes from a patients’ view-points, on whether they consider themselves adherent to not just medications, but to their overall treatment regimen and if they are aware of their treatment being much more than just medications to be taken, but an overall package of medication and life-style changing, and how well they are willing to change in their lives to decreases morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes. Objectives: To determine the level of adherence of diabetic patients to their respective treatment protocol at Ribat University Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan 2021. Materials and Methods:Cross sectional facility based study with total number of sample size 101, random systemic sampling was used to select the participants for this research, and the data was analyzed using SPSS v.26. Results:The overall adherence rate in this study was 63%. Females were found to be statistically significant with adherence level (P value 0.043). Married individuals also had a better adherence rate (P value 0.043), there was a very statistically significant correlation between higher educational levels and adherence rate, as higher educational levels college education and above had a p value of 0.001. Individuals with higher socio-economic statuses were also better adherent, middle and higher classes had higher adherence rates. Middle classes had a p value of 0.039, and wealthier classes had a p value 0.049 respectively. Older age was also statistically significant in regards to adherence rates (p value 0.049). No significant correlation was found in regards to better adherence and co-morbidities. Conclusion: Among the studied variables female gender, married couples, middle and higher socio-economic statuses, and college education level and above were found to be statistically significant with better adherence rates. Older age groups older than 66 years old were found to have astatistically significant to a highly significant correlation. The study recommended FMoH to develop unified evidence based management protocols with conduction of awareness raising campaign about the importance of patient’s adherence to these protocols.
- ItemKnowledge, Attitude and Practice of Paracetamol among Information Technology Students in NAPATA College 2021(Napata College, 2021)Introduction: Paracetamol is a drug that relives pain. They are widely used and generally safe but some people consume excessive quantities that lead to side effects. While overdose of Paracetamol produce severe fatal liver damage Objectives: -To determine knowledge of Paracetamol toxicity among IT student in Napata collage at 2021. -To identify attitude of Paracetamol toxicity among IT student in Napata collage at 2021. -To assess Practice of Paracetamol toxicity among IT student in Napata collage at 2021. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among IT students in Napata collage-Khartoum at 2021. One hundred and seventy students were randomly selected and interviewed. A structured questionnaire to assess the Knowledge, attitude and practice of the students regarding paracetamol use was used. Statistical analysis: Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. Results: The total sample was 170 students; it was predominantly females (68% females and 32% males). The mean age was 21 years (SD±1.9). Only a quarter (11%) of the respondents had good total knowledge regarding. More than three quarters (79%) of the students agree that paracetamol overdose can cause death. Half (41%) of the students agree that taking multidrug containing paracetamol is not safe. Eighty one per cent of the students who took paracetamol, headache was the most common cause for using paracetamol (88%), and both the pharmacy and the supermarket were the most common sources for paracetamol. Of all the students who took paracetamol in the last month 85% did that without prescription i.e. with self-prescription 25% of them did that to avoid time loss. Conclusion: Most of the students had poor knowledge about paracetamol. Most students have good general attitude but most of them had poor attitude regarding self-prescription. Headache was the most common cause of taking paracetamol and both the pharmacy and supermarket were the most common sources to obtain paracetamol.
- ItemASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE OF TEACHERS TOWARD FIRST AID, OMDURMAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS, February – December 2021(Napata College, 2021)Background: The knowledge, understanding and good performing of first aids can be vital to save someone's life in a case of accidents and emergencies specially children at age of primary school because they're exposed to illnesses and danger; therefore it's important for teachers at school to know how to deal with it and how to perform first aids. Objective: the aim of this study is to assess primary school teacher's knowledge, attitude regarding first aid. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study design was applied among primary school teachers at primary schools in Omdurman, eight randomly primary schools was chosen, the study was carried out in primary school teachers with exclusion criteria. A self-administered questionnaire was designed, data was analysed manually and by excel, charts from Microsoft have been used, chi squire test is used to estimate the correlation between the variables. Results: Of the 100 primary school teachers participants, 40% their age ranged between (41 and 50) years, 43% attended a course on first-aid, 73% of teachers said that first aid equipment’s are available at school, 49% of the teachers said that there a first aid responders at their school 66% of teachers have a personal experiences with incidents at school (50% ) had good knowledge, (35% ) had fair knowledge and (15%) had poor knowledge. We found that 100% of teachers have positive attitude toward FA. Conclusions: Knowledge about First Aid is not satisfactory according to standards of first aid in suda among teachers of Primary schools in Omdurman. First Aid educational and training programs recommended to be introduced at school curriculum.