Variables affecting compliance of diabetic patients with their respective Management Protocol at Ribat University Hospital, Khartoum – Sudan 2021

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Osman R.I
Osman N.B
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Napata College
Background: This study attempts to investigate the variants affecting diabetic patients compliance to their diabetic management protocols, such as their level of awareness towards their treatment being much more than just medications to be taken, but rather an overall package of medication and life-style changing, and their level of willingness to change in order to decrease morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes. Objectives: To determine the level of compliance of diabetic patients to their respective treatment protocol at Ribat University Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan 2021, and the variants affecting such compliance. Materials & Tools: This is meant to be a Cross sectional facility based study with total sample sizeis101, random systemic sampling was used to select the participants for this research, data was collected using self-made questionnaires, and the data was analyzed using an SPSS based cross tabulation analysis. Results: The overall compliance rate in this study was 63%. Females were found to be more significantly compliant (P value <0.05) in comparison to males. Married individuals also had a better compliance (P value <0.05) in comparison to single, widowed, or divorced individuals. There was also, a statistically significant relationship between higher educational levels and compliance rate, p value of (<0.001) the higher education level was linked with a better compliance level. Middle and higher socio-economic statuses (SES) diabetic patients had higher compliance rates. Middle SES had a p value of <0.04, and wealthier classes had a p value of 0.05 respectively, while lower socio-economic groups had significantly lower compliance levels. Age groups>66 years was shown to be statistically significant in regards compliance (p value 0.05) in comparison to younger age groups. No significant relationship was found between compliance and co-morbidities. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of conduction of awareness raising campaign regarding the importance of patient’s compliance to these protocols.