Assessment of Nurses’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral Hygiene for Intensive Care Unit Patients at seven Governmental Hospital In Khartoum State, Sudan, 2020-2021

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Mazin Babiker
Emad Abd alkarim
Amar Nooraldin
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Napata College
Background: Oral care is a vital procedure for critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Oral care may affect the clinical result as well as the wellness of intensive care patients. Adequate knowledge about oral nursing care guidelines is important for nurses to deliver appropriate oral care. Materials & Methods: A descriptive cross sectional hospital based study was conducted aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of intensive care nurses regarding oral care in critically ill patients in seven governmental hospitals in Khartoum State. The sample size consisted of 95 nurses in ICUs. Data were collected using interview questionnaire; data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: The results revealed that 65.3% of nurses had 1 to 3 years of experience. Regarding the definition of dental plaque, 63.2% of participants responded with correct answers. Only 4.2% knew that gingivitisisagum disease and 24.2%said that gingivitis is due to plaque. A percentage of 64.2% participants knew that periodontitis is an inflammation of tooth supporting structure, and 24.2% said that plaque is the cause of periodontitis. Regarding the practice of mouth care twice per a day, 57.9% participants do practice it.