Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolated from urinary tract infection among patients under chemotherapy and non chemotherapy in Khartoum state Sudan “2021

No Thumbnail Available
Husam Eldien Kamal Hamad Mohamed
Ahmed Manaa Badawi Omer
Mahir Awad Yassin Diaeldean,
Sufian Ali Abubaker Ishag
Mohamed El nibras Abdallah billal
Sambo Alim Sambo Khaundi
Mohammed Allalah Mohammed
Ahmed Ahmed Abdullah Ahmed
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Napata College
Background Urinary tract infections are the common types of infections in the community and health care settings. Despite the widespread availability of antibiotics, urinary tract infection remains a worldwide therapeutic problem. It is a continuous and significant problem in cancer patients. Methods A hospital-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 study participants from August to October 2021. Sociodemographic data were collected by a predesigned questionnaire and midstream urine samples collected using simple random sampling technique by using clean, sterile plastic cups and then inoculated onto CLED agar plates and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. Urine culture was considered significant bacteriuria when colony forming units ≥105/mL of voided urine. Identification was done by using standard microbiological methods. Modified Kirby–Bauer disk diffusion technique was applied for antimicrobial susceptibility testing in accordance with CLSI 2018 criteria. Data were entered, cleared, checked and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. The results were displayed using tables and figures. Value <0.05 at 95% CI was considered as statistically significant. Results The overall prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in cancer patients was 56% and 44% of samples did not grow in media. Staphylococcus aureus (20%) was the commonest isolated uropathogenic bacteria followed by E. coli (18%), Candida albicans (10%), Pseudomonas argionosa (4%), Enterococcus fecalis (2%) and Klebsiella species (2%), in cancer patients. Conclusions This study showed a high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among cancer patients (56%) compared to apparently healthy donors (44%). E. coli was isolated predominately.