Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about hepatitis B viral infection and its vaccine among Medical Students in NAPATA College 2021

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Alaa Abdulrhman Ramadan Ahmed
Alzamzami Mohammed Abdullah
Zeinalabden Ibrahim Ahmed
Fatahalrhuman Abdullah Alradi
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Napata College
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. Patients with hepatitis B may feel like influenza and might, in other cases, be asymptomatic, but blood analysis can detect the disease. Hepatitis B usually starts to cure on its own after a few months, but the disease can turn into chronic hepatitis if the virus is not cured and usually lasts a lifetime. Objective: this study aimed to estimate the knowledge, attitude and practice about hepatitis B virus and its vaccine among medical students of NAPATA colleges, Kartoum-Sudan. Methodology: this cross sectional type of observational institutional-based study conducted targeting medical students of NAPATA colleges in 2020-2021. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire which has been distributed among two hundred and eleven students using simple random sampling technique, the self-administration questioner aimed to estimate knowledge practice and attitude towards HBV and its vaccination and whether the students were vaccinated or not. Analysis has been done by using computer program (SPSS) for displaying frequency, mean and percentage. Descriptive statistics analysis also have been used. Results: this study found that overall knowledge about HBV hazards and prevention among students was good and satisfactory (92.8%). The majority of the respondents (86%) had positive attitude toward HBV and its vaccine, 69% have poor practice, 44% received vaccination and only 14% were fully vaccinated. Conclusion: Medical students were at high risk of exposure to the HBV by direct contact with patients and their body fluids or accidental injury by needles, that's why students should be vaccinated upon entry to colleges or before starting clinical training and well-educated about postexposure prophylaxis when exposed to these injuries.