Renal Replacement Therapy in Sudan, 2009

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Hasan Abu-Aisha
Sarra Elamin
Wafaa Obeid
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Introduction: Despite an early start, the provision of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Sudan is constrained by economic factors. This report describes the ESRD population and the available renal replacement therapy (RRT) services in Sudan in 2009. Current status: In June 2009, there were 2858 patients on hemodialysis (HD) in Sudan, 122 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and 1168 kidney transplant recipients. The overall prevalence of treated ESRD was 106 patients per million population. All forms of RRT were funded by the government. The mean age of HD, CAPD and kidney transplant patients was 46±17, 42±22 and 39±13 years respectively. Males constituted 66%, 67.7% and 79.5% and children constituted 3.9%, 25.3% and 6.6% of HD, CAPD and kidney transplant patients respectively. The commonest reported cause of kidney failure was hypertension (26.1%), followed by diabetes mellitus (DM) (10.4%), obstructive uropathy (7.6%), glomerulonephritis (GN) (5.5%), polycystic kidney disease (2.6%), and pyelonephritis (1.1%). The majority of HD patients (83.8%) are offered twice-weekly HD, 83.6% had a functioning arterio-venous (AV) fistula, 6.4% were positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 6.5% were positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and 0.7% were positive for both HBV and HCV. Target blood pressure, hemoglobin and phosphorus levels were achieved by 26.5%, 23.1% and 28.5% of HD patients compared to 41.8%, 20.6% and 63.5% of CAPD patients respectively. Kidney transplant recipients had their transplant operation performed in Sudan (33.1%), Egypt (20.7%), KSA (18.2%), Jordan (14.8%), Pakistan (8.4%) and other countries. Conclusion: The prevalence of RRT in Sudan remains low. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are the most commonly reported cause of kidney failure.
Elamin, S., Obeid, W. and Abu-Aisha, H., 2010. Renal replacement therapy in Sudan, 2009. Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation, 3(2), pp.31-36.