The effect of physical therapy on children with cerebral palsy in Yumna Care Center and Al-tahadi Center 2022

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Nidal Hassan AL haj
Fatima Ismaeil Ali Mohammed
Mohja Abo-algasim Awad Mohammed
Razan Anwar Gasmalla Awadalla
Maha Adam Osman
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Napata College
Background: cerebral palsy is A group of permanent disorders of movement and posture causing activity limitation, resulting from non-progressive lesions to the developing fetal or infant brain, affecting mainly the motor centers; cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia with frequent neurologic associations including: Mental retardation, Epilepsy, Impaired hearing; deafness, Impaired vision, Emotional disturbances, Behavioral disturbances. Objectives: To evaluate of the effectiveness of physiotherapy intervention on children with cerebral palsy and identification of available treatment options including physiotherapy techniques and equipment that may assist in the daily functioning of children with cerebral palsy at Yumna Care Center and Al-tahadi Center 2022. Method: The study was conducted at the Yumna Center for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation of Children with Special Needs and Al-tahadi Center in Bahri Sudan, during the period from November to December 2022. Cross-sectional study done of Samples (103) parents, (2) centers and (30) physiotharapiest. A well-designed questionnaire was distributed to parents, physiotherapists and center management participants, and returned the questionnaires after filling them in with all the required information. The data were analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The result: The study found that multiple treatment options for parents help improve children's daily performance and have a weak inverse relationship with the speed of physiotherapy results, and that parents' commitment to physiotherapy at home may quickly affect the results of physiotherapy. (90%) is agree with a clear imperative effect of physiotherapy on the children, and (98%) of parents agree with the obvious inevitable effect of physiotherapy, (45.63%) of parents have the ability to apply physiotherapy at home. (58.25%) is the effect of the psychological state of the child during the Physiotherapy session on the parents, and there are (50%) who agree that other medication help in the effectiveness of physiotherapy. (47%)is the percentage effect of prenatal cerebral palsy and postnatal cerebral palsy in response to physical therapy. The rate of pain in children with cerebral palsy before physical therapy and follow-up was (36.89%), and after follow-up and physical therapy, the pain decreased by (100%). The study also found that, according to opinions, several factors contributed to the success of physiotherapy, such as the duration of physiotherapy planned by the therapist, programs associated with treatment, and others. Conclusion: Cerebral palsy is the leading cause of physical disability in children. Physiotherapy increases independence and reduces the chances of bone deformation. According to the results of this study, it is suggested that physiotherapists develop effective educational techniques in order to involve parents more in the home exercise program.