Self-medication Practice among patients living in Soba- Sudan

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Elwalid Isameldin
Ali Awadallah Saeed
Tarig mohamed hassan
Mohamed Awad Mousnad
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Self-medication, the use of medicines without prescription to treat self-diagnosed disorders, symptoms, or continuous use of the prescribed drug for chronic symptoms. It affected by factors such as education, family, community, availability of medicines and exposure to the public and medical advice or advertisements. Objectives: The study was undertaken to evaluate prevalence and various aspects of self-medication in people. Methods: A randomised, cross-sectional study, was conducted from December 2018 to January 2019. The target population of this study was 340 people out of 3000 people at Soba, Khartoum, Khartoum state. Khartoum. Data were analysed using SPSS version 22, and analysis was conducted with descriptive analysis procedures. Results: In this study it was found that 340 (100%) respondents practiced self-medication. The principal for seeking self-medication included Malaria as reported by 165 people (17.4%) followed by diarrhea (162 people) (17.1%). Drugs commonly used for self-medication included antibiotics (35.9%) followed by analgesics (31.8%). Among reasons for seeking self-medication, About 237 person (50.0%) cited cost-effectiveness as the primary reason, as well as flexibility of pharmacies in place and time, 251 (37.9%) found pharmacists his sources of medicine information, followed by doctors176 (26.5%). For this reasons 214 (62.9%) used repeated prescriptions, some people go to herbal remedy, included cough as reported by 137 (20.12%), followed by cold (17.9%).